Breednet Results

Other Meetings ▶
Sunday, May 16
Ascot Park
Saturday, May 15
Arawa Park
New Plymouth Raceway
Friday, May 14
Matamata
Thursday, May 13
Wanganui
Wednesday, May 12
Ashburton
Sunday, May 9
Woodville
Saturday, May 8
Riccarton Park
Te Rapa
Thursday, May 6
Riverton
Wednesday, May 5
Ruakaka
Sunday, May 2
Phar Lap Raceway
Saturday, May 1
Hastings
Te Rapa
Thursday, April 29
Wingatui
Wednesday, April 28
Arawa Park
Monday, April 26
Avondale
Sunday, April 25
Awapuni
Saturday, April 24
Ellerslie
Riccarton Park
Thursday, April 22
Woodville
Wednesday, April 21
Tauranga
Sunday, April 18
Ascot Park
Saturday, April 17
Hastings
Te Rapa
Friday, April 16
Matamata

ASCOT PARK - Saturday, February 14

Race 1 - N Z Bloodstock Mdn (1600m)
Class: Maiden Track: Good Time: 1:38.29
Prizemoney: $10,000
1
2/3
T: P D HARRIS
R: J L MORRIS (54.00)
2/3
4g minardi (USA) x balmacara (NZ) (bassenthwaite (GB))
Winning siblings: Azzaro, Caradonna, Monarch,
This nick: 2 runners; 2 winners; 0 SW. Details
2
1.5
9/9
T: B J ANDERTON
R: S MUNIANDY (54.00)
9/9
3
1
5/5
T: J R PHILLIPS
R: M L HAYSTON (55.00)
5/5
3f st. petersburg (AUS) x bally kiss (NZ) (bigstone (IRE))
4
2.6
1/1F
T: S P BELLEW
R: J R COLLETT (52.50)
1/1F
4m senor pete (USA) x the prodigy (NZ) (kreisler (IRE))
5
3.4
BEATA (7)
3/2
T: B J ANDERTON
R: M H MISBAH (54.50)
3/2
4m the gladiator (NZ) x packie (NZ) (the son (NZ))
6
6.4
12/12
T: M N CARTER
R: C L SPITTLES (53.50)
12/12
4m riviera (FR) x coro street (NZ) (pentire (GB))
7
6.6
4/4
T: S A MARR
R: C L TETZLAFF (54.00)
4/4
4g justice prevails (NZ) x flow gate (NZ) (trustful (AUS))
8
7.9
LIFTER (11)
7/7
T: K M JAMES
R: MS J CAMERON (55.00)
7/7
3f danzighill (AUS) x pick me up (NZ) (paris opera (AUS))
9
8.7
6/6
T: J D MCKAY
R: MS K WILLIAMS (55.00)
6/6
3f towkay (AUS) x capricious cat (NZ) (felix the cat (USA))
10
9.7
10/10
T: J A GORDON
R: J D LAKING (55.50)
10/10
6m carolingian (AUS) x price road (NZ) (jugular (AUS))
11
14.5
11/11
T: MS S GORDON
R: J R TODD (56.50)
11/11
3g colombia (NZ) x eight kumara (NZ) (piperhill (IRE))
12
14.8
8/8
T: M R PITMAN
R: A M MUNDY (56.50)
8/8
3g yamanin vital (NZ) x nancy wake (NZ) (personal escort (USA))
Race 2 - Powerfarming Southland Hcp (1360m)
Class: Open Track: Good Time: 1:21.12
Prizemoney: $20,000
1
1/1F
T: J F PARSONS
R: C L SPITTLES (57.00)
1/1F
5g my halo (ARG) x carinda (NZ) (the jogger (USA))
This nick: 6 runners; 4 winners; 1 SW. Details
2
1.3
6/6
T: M R PITMAN
R: BRITTANY MOORE (50.50)
6/6
7g volksraad (GB) x precious princess (GB) (precocious (GB))
3
1.4
3/3
T: M R PITMAN
R: A M MUNDY (56.50)
3/3
5h danske (NZ) x zed du jour (AUS) (zeditave (AUS))
4
2.7
2/4
T: W J DAVIES
R: C I ANDERSON (54.50)
2/4
6g express duke (AUS) x our hero (NZ) (clay hero (AUS))
5
3.2
4/2
T: W A STEVENS
R: E Z ZULKIFLI (51.50)
4/2
5m my halo (ARG) x nassibelle (NZ) (nassipour (USA))
6
5
BIMAN (7)
5/5
T: MS T BOOTH
R: T R MOSELEY (53.00)
5/5
6g colombia (NZ) x tanshenell (NZ) (le grand seigneur (CAN))
7
10
7/7
T: J A GORDON
R: L M ROBINSON (53.00)
7/7
4g city on a hill (USA) x ballyvaskin (IRE) (indian king (USA))
Race 3 - Castledale Hcp (80) (2100m)
Class: Restricted 80 Track: Good Time: 2:12.52
Prizemoney: $10,000
1
6/3
T: P D HARRIS
R: J L MORRIS (51.50)
6/3
5m rainbow myth (NZ) x leem (NZ) (zamazaan (FR))
This nick: 1 runners; 1 winners; 0 SW. Details
2
1.3
5/4
T: B J ANDERTON
R: A M MUNDY (55.50)
5/4
5m danzighill (AUS) x auditive (NZ) (random chance (NZ))
3
1.4
11/11
T: J F PARSONS
R: MS K WILLIAMS (58.00)
11/11
7g shinko king (IRE) x stars in your eyes (NZ) (waikiki star (USA))
4
1.7
2/2
T: MS L VAUGHAN
R: J R TODD (56.00)
2/2
5g jahafil (GB) x prima rosa (NZ) (conquistarose (USA))
5
1.8
9/10
T: MS N BLATCH
R: J R COLLETT (53.00)
9/10
5g mughtanim (USA) x kardinia (NZ) (creag-an-sgor (IRE))
6
2
7/7
T: MS S GORDON
R: T R MOSELEY (54.50)
7/7
6m forensic evidence (IRE) x fair maid (NZ) (shy rambler (USA))
7
2.8
14/14
T: MS V CHRISTOPHERS
R: L M ROBINSON (58.00)
14/14
8g gaius (IRE) x pal a rook (NZ) (palatable (USA))
8
3.6
4/6
T: M R PITMAN
R: J S BULLARD (56.00)
4/6
9
3.8
3/5
T: B J ANDERTON
R: M H MISBAH (54.50)
3/5
5m danzighill (AUS) x all style (NZ) (cautious style (USA))
10
4.1
FAB (5)
1/1F
T: B C LAMING
R: J D LAKING (56.50)
1/1F
5m le paillard (IRE) x shaze (NZ) (lucky ring (IRE))
11
4.3
13/13
T: A N STALKER
R: I KHAIRIL (54.00)
13/13
6m desert fox (GB) x erincorp (NZ) (omnicorp (NZ))
11
4.3
8/9
T: K W THOMPSON
R: J C BATES (54.00)
8/9
4m justice prevails (NZ) x she's got rhythm (NZ) (lord ballina (AUS))
13
6.3
10/8
T: B J ANDERTON
R: S MUNIANDY (55.00)
10/8
8g yamanin vital (NZ) x june oak (NZ) (oak ridge (FR))
100
12/12
T: MS S GORDON
R: M L HAYSTON (54.00)
12/12
4g oregon (USA) x miss macgonagle (NZ) (cache of gold (USA))
Race 4 - Shape Chic Mdn (1200m)
Class: Maiden Track: Good Time: 1:12.23
Prizemoney: $10,000
1
1/1F
T: B J ANDERTON
R: M H MISBAH (54.50)
1/1F
4m danzighill (AUS) x renee (NZ) (cautious style (USA))
This nick: 2 runners; 2 winners; 0 SW. Details
2
0.1
3/3
T: M R PITMAN
R: BRITTANY MOORE (51.50)
3/3
5m traditionally (USA) x turtle bay (AUS) (danehill (USA))
3
0.4
6/6
T: MS S GORDON
R: J L MORRIS (52.50)
6/6
7m pins (AUS) x oriental beauty (AUS) (marscay (AUS))
4
0.7
MUNRO (10)
11/11
T: B LAKING
R: J D LAKING (55.50)
11/11
6m forensic evidence (IRE) x chloe ro (NZ) (palatable (USA))
5
1
2/2
T: P S RICHARDS
R: C I ANDERSON (55.50)
2/2
4m pyrus (USA) x lucadore (NZ) (wild rampage (AUS))
6
3
MAVRA (7)
5/4
T: MS K KING
R: J C BATES (55.50)
5/4
4m stravinsky (USA) x western virginia (NZ) (western symphony (USA))
7
3.2
12/12
T: W A STEVENS
R: A SUBRAMANIAM (55.00)
12/12
3f eltawaasul (USA) x annie mary (NZ) (mi preferido (USA))
8
3.5
8/7
T: J D MCKAY
R: M CARSTON (53.00)
8/7
3f al jadeed (USA) x morphun (NZ) (the jogger (USA))
9
3.8
10/10
T: J A GORDON
R: L M ROBINSON (57.00)
10/10
5g hadaad (USA) x price road (NZ) (jugular (AUS))
10
5.3
7/8
T: MS V STUART
R: A M MUNDY (57.00)
7/8
6g erb prinz (USA) x amayi (NZ) (allgrit (USA))
11
6.6
9/9
T: B J HOWDEN
R: J R COLLETT (53.50)
9/9
3g drama critic (USA) x sing (NZ) (blanco (USA))
12
17.1
4/5
T: MS K KING
R: J R TODD (55.00)
4/5
3f king of kings (IRE) x prevailing wind (NZ) (le belvedere (USA))
Race 5 - Speight's Hcp (80) (1200m)
Class: Restricted 80 Track: Good Time: 1:11.25
Prizemoney: $10,000
1
BROCK (1)
2/2
T: MS J HILLIS
R: S MUNIANDY (55.00)
2/2
5g cullen (AUS) x blue echo (NZ) (prince echo (IRE))
This nick: 2 runners; 2 winners; 0 SW. Details
2
0.3
3/3
T: S J PRINCE
R: MS K WILLIAMS (57.00)
3/3
6m howbaddouwantit (USA) x capelli (NZ) (carolingian (AUS))
3
1.3
5/5
T: J F PARSONS
R: C L SPITTLES (54.00)
5/5
5m haafiz (IRE) x quedar (NZ) (clay hero (AUS))
4
1.8
TAPPY (2)
1/1F
T: MS K KING
R: J C BATES (58.00)
1/1F
5g sandtrap (USA) x bobby lee (NZ) (zabeel (NZ))
5
1.9
7/6
T: MS V STUART
R: T R MOSELEY (53.00)
7/6
6
2
4/4
T: W N GRAHAM
R: J R COLLETT (54.50)
4/4
7g last tycoon (IRE) x amidala (AUS) (zeditave (AUS))
7
2.8
8/8
T: MS L VAUGHAN
R: J R TODD (53.50)
8/8
3f gold mine (USA) x rapaki dash (NZ) (haayil (AUS))
8
3
6/7
T: J D MCKAY
R: A M MUNDY (56.50)
6/7
7g phountzi (USA) x ballymoney (NZ) (lord ballina (AUS))
9
4.8
NEAT (8)
10/11
T: MS B MIDDLEWOOD
R: M CARSTON (52.50)
10/11
8g personal escort (USA) x fury (NZ) (beaufort sea (USA))
10
6.1
11/10
T: B J ANDERTON
R: M H MISBAH (52.50)
11/10
5g seasoned star (AUS) x solo star (NZ) (random chance (NZ))
11
7.4
9/9
T: M R PITMAN
R: BRITTANY MOORE (50.50)
9/9
6g quorum (NZ) x kreski (NZ) (kreisler (IRE))
Race 6 - Carlton Bar & Restaurant (70) (1600m)
Class: Restricted 70 Track: Good Time: 1:37.70
Prizemoney: $10,000
1
6/7
T: MS L PRENDERGAST
R: MS K WILLIAMS (57.00)
6/7
4g danasinga (AUS) x not sure (NZ) (masterclass (USA))
This nick: 4 runners; 3 winners; 0 SW. Details
2
0.8
2/2
T: B J ANDERTON
R: M H MISBAH (56.00)
2/2
4m danzighill (AUS) x gem fire (NZ) (noble bijou (USA))
3
1
1/1F
T: S J KENNEDY
R: J S BULLARD (58.00)
1/1F
4g minardi (USA) x our loch tay (AUS) (salmon leap (USA))
4
1.8
7/6
T: B C LAMING
R: J R TODD (57.00)
7/6
4m don eduardo (NZ) x pines princess (AUS) (bluebird (USA))
5
2.3
12/12
T: W N GRAHAM
R: I KHAIRIL (55.00)
12/12
6g faltaat (USA) x electric dream (NZ) (centaine (AUS))
6
3.1
10/10
T: M R PITMAN
R: A M MUNDY (57.00)
10/10
5g don tristram (NZ) x aveda (NZ) (alleged dash (USA))
7
4.6
5/5
T: B J ANDERTON
R: A SUBRAMANIAM (58.00)
5/5
5m seasoned star (AUS) x tawnley (NZ) (tawfiq (USA))
8
5.4
4/3
T: J F PARSONS
R: C L SPITTLES (55.00)
4/3
4m kashani (USA) x stars in your eyes (NZ) (waikiki star (USA))
9
5.7
3/4
T: M W EADE
R: J R COLLETT (54.50)
3/4
10
6
11/11
T: P S RICHARDS
R: S MUNIANDY (55.00)
11/11
5g towkay (AUS) x miss georgie (NZ) (hadaad (USA))
11
16.5
CAW (6)
8/8
T: MS K KING
R: J C BATES (57.50)
8/8
4g sandtrap (USA) x bobby lee (NZ) (zabeel (NZ))
12
18.5
9/9
T: P D HARRIS
R: J L MORRIS (54.50)
9/9
4g chatham (NZ) x gina rose (NZ) (rare horizon (IRE))
Race 7 - Invercargill Licensing Hcp-70 (1600m)
Class: Restricted 70 Track: Good Time: 1:37.90
Prizemoney: $10,000
1
1/1F
T: B J ANDERTON
R: M H MISBAH (54.50)
1/1F
6m personal escort (USA) x solo star (NZ) (random chance (NZ))
This nick: 3 runners; 2 winners; 0 SW. Details
2
0.4
7/7
T: P S RICHARDS
R: S MUNIANDY (53.50)
7/7
3
1
11/11
T: R M HENRY
R: J R COLLETT (53.50)
11/11
5g magic ring (IRE) x basse normandie (NZ) (stark south (USA))
4
2.2
5/5
T: D J HORRELL
R: E Z ZULKIFLI (52.50)
5/5
5m yamanin vital (NZ) x badge queen (NZ) (king delamere (NZ))
5
3.5
6/6
T: K GRAY
R: M CARSTON (55.00)
6/6
4m generous (IRE) x thinking rich (NZ) (sound reason (CAN))
6
3.6
IDUNNO (13)
12/12
T: MS N BLATCH
R: J D LAKING (55.50)
12/12
4g danasuria (AUS) x kardinia (NZ) (creag-an-sgor (IRE))
7
3.9
8/8
T: MS V CHRISTOPHERS
R: J S BULLARD (56.00)
8/8
5m danzighill (AUS) x trust d'or (NZ) (trustful (AUS))
8
4.9
4/3
T: K W THOMPSON
R: MS K WILLIAMS (56.50)
4/3
5m stravinsky (USA) x no reserve (USA) (gone west (USA))
9
5.9
2/4
T: L M CASEY
R: D R BOTHAMLEY (56.50)
2/4
4g spectatorial (AUS) x drambuie (NZ) (red tempo (NZ))
10
6.4
9/10
T: B J HOWDEN
R: T R MOSELEY (56.50)
9/10
6m yachtie (AUS) x nonesuch (NZ) (palatable (USA))
11
6.5
3/2
T: M W HAMILTON
R: I KHAIRIL (53.50)
3/2
4m pins (AUS) x the wake (NZ) (hereward the wake (USA))
12
10.3
10/9
T: J R PHILLIPS
R: J R TODD (56.50)
10/9
Race 8 - Ilt Ascot Pk Htl S'land Gneas (1600m) LR
Class: Open Track: Good Time: 1:37.30
Prizemoney: $55,000
1
4/4
T: R D COLLETT
R: J R COLLETT (56.00)
4/4
3g captain rio (GB) x eledance (FR) (dancing spree (USA))
Winning siblings: Super Caga,
This nick: 1 runners; 1 winners; 1 SW. Details
2
0.8
3/3
T: T J KENNEDY
R: J D LAKING (54.50)
3/3
3f no excuse needed (GB) x arche (NZ) (danasinga (AUS))
3
0.8
7/7
T: M R PITMAN
R: T R MOSELEY (56.00)
7/7
4
1.9
2/1
T: J F PARSONS
R: M L HAYSTON (54.50)
2/1
3f elusive city (USA) x our diva (NZ) (oregon (USA))
5
4.2
1/2F
T: B J ANDERTON
R: M H MISBAH (54.50)
1/2F
3f yamanin vital (NZ) x emerald fire (NZ) (honor grades (USA))
6
7.2
5/5
T: S J KENNEDY
R: MS K WILLIAMS (54.50)
5/5
7
10.7
12/12
T: MS S GORDON
R: S MUNIANDY (54.50)
12/12
3f riviera (FR) x whyte haze (NZ) (oak ridge (FR))
8
16.5
6/6
T: M R PITMAN
R: A M MUNDY (56.00)
6/6
3g mellifont (USA) x four sweet roses (NZ) (four seasons (GB))
9
17.3
SMUDGEE (10)
10/9
T: B J ANDERTON
R: A SUBRAMANIAM (54.50)
10/9
3f yamanin vital (NZ) x renee (NZ) (cautious style (USA))
10
24.1
IMANI (5)
8/8
T: MS T RAE
R: J S BULLARD (56.00)
8/8
3g eltawaasul (USA) x sothys (NZ) (crested wave (USA))
11
29.1
11/11
T: S A MARR
R: J R TODD (56.00)
11/11
3g sunray (NZ) x sacre bleu (NZ) (monde bleu (GB))
12
29.4
ALFRED (4)
9/10
T: K W THOMPSON
R: I KHAIRIL (56.00)
9/10
Race 9 - Invercargill Gold Cup (2200m) LR
Class: Open Track: Good Time: 2:15.46
Prizemoney: $55,000
1
5/5
T: MS S GORDON
R: MS J CAMERON (52.50)
5/5
6g yamanin vital (NZ) x elle chase (NZ) (sky chase (NZ))
Winning siblings: Blitz,
This nick: 2 runners; 2 winners; 1 SW. Details
2
4.5
9/9
T: K W THOMPSON
R: J C BATES (52.00)
9/9
5m yamanin vital (NZ) x waisting thyme (NZ) (imperial guard (GB))
3
4.8
2/3
T: P S RICHARDS
R: A M MUNDY (54.50)
2/3
5g sakti (NZ) x lady grange (NZ) (sir bart (NZ))
4
7.6
12/12
T: A S BORTHWICK
R: J R COLLETT (53.50)
12/12
5
7.7
11/11
T: MS S GORDON
R: T R MOSELEY (52.00)
11/11
5g city on a hill (USA) x nita's choice (NZ) (beaufort sea (USA))
6
7.9
6/6
T: N F RIDLEY
R: J D LAKING (55.50)
6/6
6g magic of sydney (AUS) x soundoration (NZ) (sound reason (CAN))
7
8.1
10/10
T: MS L VAUGHAN
R: J R TODD (53.50)
10/10
7m carolingian (AUS) x in essence (NZ) (trustful (AUS))
8
8.4
4/4
T: M R PITMAN
R: MS K WILLIAMS (53.50)
4/4
5g hunza court (NZ) x magic move (NZ) (roman empire (IRE))
9
8.5
1/2F
T: J F PARSONS
R: M L HAYSTON (58.50)
1/2F
5m pins (AUS) x instant divorce (NZ) (fiesta star (AUS))
10
10.3
PIERO (12)
13/13
T: MS V STUART
R: A SUBRAMANIAM (52.00)
13/13
7g lord ballina (AUS) x franchice (NZ) (icelandic (IRE))
11
11.6
8/7
T: M R PITMAN
R: C L SPITTLES (52.00)
8/7
7g daggers drawn (USA) x pure vice (AUS) (new regent (CAN))
12
12.6
3/1
T: B J ANDERTON
R: M H MISBAH (53.00)
3/1
5g seasoned star (AUS) x good time girl (NZ) (personal escort (USA))
13
13.9
7/8
T: P D HARRIS
R: J S BULLARD (58.00)
7/8
7g yamanin vital (NZ) x sea music (NZ) (super dude (NZ))
Race 10 - Couplands Summer Cup (90) (1600m)
Class: Restricted 90 Track: Good Time: 1:37.48
Prizemoney: $12,500
1
5/5
T: T G MUNRO
R: M L HAYSTON (56.50)
5/5
This nick: 1 runners; 1 winners; 0 SW. Details
2
0.8
4/4
T: B J ANDERTON
R: M H MISBAH (53.00)
4/4
7m personal escort (USA) x ruby bijou (NZ) (noble bijou (USA))
3
0.9
1/1F
T: M R PITMAN
R: A M MUNDY (55.50)
1/1F
4
2.4
6/6
T: B J ANDERTON
R: S MUNIANDY (52.00)
6/6
6m seasoned star (AUS) x bonnie jay (NZ) (kings island (IRE))
5
2.7
3/2
T: M R PITMAN
R: C L TETZLAFF (55.00)
3/2
6g generous (IRE) x di luna (IRE) (fairy king (USA))
6
4.2
NO WAY (8)
7/7
T: MS K KING
R: J R TODD (54.50)
7/7
5h monza (USA) x petite dancer (NZ) (volksraad (GB))
7
4.5
8/8
T: K W THOMPSON
R: J C BATES (54.50)
8/8
8
6.3
2/3
T: G A WRIGHT
R: T R MOSELEY (57.50)
2/3
6g forensic evidence (IRE) x peach pie (NZ) (sound reason (CAN))
9
10.8
DOEFACE (10)
9/9
T: J R PHILLIPS
R: MS J CAMERON (53.00)
9/9
5m chief bearhart (CAN) x c'est soir (NZ) (mi preferido (USA))
Race 11 - Southernwide City R/E Hcp (75) (1360m)
Class: Restricted 75 Track: Good Time: 1:21.75
Prizemoney: $10,000
1
5/5
T: S P BELLEW
R: C L SPITTLES (53.50)
5/5
6g seasoned star (AUS) x native colours (NZ) (northerly native (USA))
This nick: 1 runners; 1 winners; 0 SW. Details
2
0.3
1/1F
T: A G DENNIS
R: D R BOTHAMLEY (57.50)
1/1F
5m classic fame (USA) x the reason (NZ) (sound reason (CAN))
3
0.8
12/12
T: M N CARTER
R: S MUNIANDY (54.50)
12/12
6g seasoned star (AUS) x main street (NZ) (defecting dancer (GB))
4
1.4
BANDIT (13)
7/8
T: MS B MIDDLEWOOD
R: MS K WILLIAMS (54.50)
7/8
9g racing is fun (USA) x casino girl (NZ) (cache of gold (USA))
5
1.5
3/4
T: S A MARR
R: C L TETZLAFF (55.00)
3/4
7g danske (NZ) x ripon star (NZ) (bassenthwaite (GB))
6
2
10/9
T: P S RICHARDS
R: C I ANDERSON (55.00)
10/9
5m sandtrap (USA) x long bay (NZ) (gaius (IRE))
7
2.5
9/7
T: M D NYHAN
R: MS J CAMERON (55.00)
9/7
4m woodbury lad (USA) x clare rare (NZ) (rare horizon (IRE))
8
2.7
11/11
T: MS N BLATCH
R: T R MOSELEY (54.50)
11/11
5g elnadim (USA) x kula hula (AUS) (timber country (USA))
9
3
4/3
T: MS K KING
R: J S BULLARD (56.50)
4/3
5m towkay (AUS) x perfect sunrise (NZ) (wiganthorpe (IRE))
10
4.5
6/6
T: S P BELLEW
R: J R TODD (56.50)
6/6
5g kashani (USA) x redeno (NZ) (racing is fun (USA))
11
4.6
2/2
T: J S BURNS
R: L M ROBINSON (55.00)
2/2
7g kingfisher mill (USA) x lady vice (NZ) (vice regal (NZ))
12
5.4
13/13
T: K W THOMPSON
R: J C BATES (57.50)
13/13
6g personal escort (USA) x waisting thyme (NZ) (imperial guard (GB))
13
15.7
8/10
T: P S SMELLIE
R: J D LAKING (56.50)
8/10
14
19.7
JAYINAY (10)
14/14
T: J YEO
R: M CARSTON (53.00)
14/14
6m monolith (AUS) x covallina (NZ) (lord ballina (AUS))
* Nick figures are for Australasia.